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We spend $6 billion on athletic shoes a year. The National Cancer Institute spent $2.4 billion in 1997 trying to find a cure for cancer.

At the Library

For more information on both sides of the animal research debate, the following sources may be helpful.  All the resources listed should be available at a large community or university library.

Catalog of Subject Headings

  • Animal Experimentation
  • Animal Rights
  • Animals, Care of
  • Animals, Exploitation
  • Animals, Treatment of
  • Beauty and Cosmetics
  • Bioethics
  • Biotechnology
  • Cosmetics Testing
  • Diseases – Animal Models
  • Dissection
  • Laboratory Animals
  • Medical Research
  • Vivisection

Call Number Areas

  • HV 4915
  • QH 332
  • QL51
  • RB 125
  • SF406

Magazine/Periodical Index

  • Animal Agenda
  • Comparative Medicine
  • PETA News

Selected Book Titles

  • Alternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education. QL51.2.U6A48
  • Animal Factories. SF51.M37
  • Animal Rights and Human Obligations, 2nd Ed. HV4711.A56
  • Animal Rights: Opposing Viewpoints. HV4711.A58
  • Animal Smugglers and Other Wildlife Trades. QL82.N53
  • Contribution of Laboratory Animal Science to the Welfare of Man and Animals: Past, Present, and Future. QL83.I.36
  • In the Company of Animals. SF411.5.S47
  • Laboratory Animal Husbandry: Ethnology, Welfare and Experimental Valuables. SF406.F69
  • Rights, Killing and Suffering. TX392.F85.
  • Scientific Perspectives on Animal Welfare. HV4704.S34

Ethical and Philosophic Aspects

  • Beauchamp, TL. The moral standing of animals in medical research. Law Med Health Care 1992 Spring-Summer; 20(1-2): 7-16
  • DeGrazia D. The moral status of animals and their use in research: a philosophical review. Kennedy Inst. Ethics J 1991 Mar; 1(1): 48-70.
  • Gluck JP, Kubacki SR. Animals in biomedical research: the undermining effect of eh rhetoric of the besieged. Ethics Behav. 1991; 1(3): 157-73.
  • Matfield M. Animal research within an ethical framework. ATLA 1992 Apr; 20(2): 334-7.
  • Animal Experiments: the great debate. New Scientist 1992. Apr 4 (134(1815):25 and others

Animal Rights

  • Anderson JH. Animal rights and research: common sense must prevail. Radiology 1992 Sep; 1184 (3) 647-51
  • Caldwell Jr. Patients’ rights versus animal rights (editorial). J. Fla Med Assoc 1992 Jul; 79(7): 439-40
  • Goodwin FK. Animal rights: medical research and product testing: is this a "hang together or together we hang" issue? Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 1992 Jan; 31(1): 6-11
  • Smith SZ. Animal rights and experimental medicine (editorial) J Ky Med Assoc 1992 Aug: 90(8):381

Replacement, Reduction, Refinement

  • Balls M. The replacement of animal testing: ethical issues and practical realities. Int. J Cosmet Sci 1991 Feb; 13 (1) 23-8
  • Bruner LH. Alternatives to the use of animals in household product and cosmetic testing. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1992 March 1;2000 (5): 669-73
  • DeLuca Am, Kranda KC. Environmental enrichment in a large animal facility. Lab Anim (New York) Jan:21(1): 38-44
  • Spinelli JS. Preventing suffering in laboratory animals. Scanned J Lab Anim SCI 1991; 18(4):159-64
  • Whitney RA Jr. Research and development to enhance laboratory animal welfare. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1992 Mar 1; 200(5):663-6

Click to play!
Donít people choose careers in medical research using animals because it is an easy way to receive funding dollars and make high salaries?
No. Most researchers could make more money in other careers. People choose to go into research because they want to find answers to complicated questions. Animal research is often a vital step in finding the answers. more...